Mehta Kumar Jitesh,
Mentors: Dr. Viswanath, Dr. O. P. Singh
Within Himachal Pradesh, India, there is a scarcity of proper temporary shelters built to withstand rough weather patterns, creating difficulty for the diverse, transitory populace. With the goal of creating a marketable, portable shelter, we investigated using origami as a tool to improve shelter quality. We have collaborated with local community to understand the stakeholders’ shelter constraints using interviews. Based on their responses, we designed and built a prototype that will address both origami and their needs.
Origami shelter prototype: Dome origami structure
The prototype that we built can be seen
in Figure 13. The dimensions are 104cm for the
height and 194cm for the diameter. We chose this design based on the results from the checklist
mentioned earlier. The prototype is made
from cardboard and plastic tarpaulin, with Velcro
attachments. The prototype is circular because
it will help with wind resistance. Also,
there is an attached floor to help the inside stay
clean and add protection from insects and rain
for the user. There are backpack straps attached
for easy transportation. When compressed the structure is 23cm thick and 158cm
long. The entire structure weighs 15kg.
Recommendations for future projects
There is room for improvement in the design of the shelter. The materials that we obtained were out of convenience because of time constraints and the difficulty in delivering from long distances. If ordered sooner, corrugated plastic sheets can replace cardboard to significantly reduce weight. Furthermore, the need for tarpaulin would not be necessary since plastic sheets are waterproof. Overall, for future projects, advanced research should be considered to find materials to improve the quality of the shelter design.
Please download executive summary, report and poster for more details