Sophisticated Instruments

powerxray1

Make:Rigaku Corporation

Model: SmartLab 9kW rotating anode x-ray diffractometer

Powder X-ray Diffractometer

The temperature dependent Powder X-ray diffractometer is built on 9 KW rotating anode x-ray generator with NaI Scintillation counter detection system. Copper anode is used as the target material with fine focus filament as the cathode. Low temperature down to 12K is achieved using closed cycle liquid Helium cryostat. This system has theta-theta goniometer arrangement which keeps the sample horizontal and stationary.

The Cross Beam optics technology used in this systems helps in easy changeover from Bragg-Brentano para focusing to high intensity parallel beam geometry and vice versa depending on the application. There is also small angle x-ray scattering unit attached to the system. The attachments for the future installations include high temperature, Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction (GIXRD), X-ray Reflectometry (XRR) units.

eds

Make:FEI company Of USA

Model: FP 5022/22-Tecnai G2 20 S-TWIN

High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) – Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS)

An electron microscope uses high energy electron beams for the illumination of samples, instead of light so that magnification to the tune of a million times (10,000,000 x) and subnanometer resolution can be achieved. Electron microscopes are essential tools for characterizing nanomaterials as they provide an array of information such as topography, morphology, composition and crystallographic information. In the nanoworld, ‘believe what you see’ and electron microscopes such as TEM provides realistic images of nanomaterials. Infact, one of the major reasons for emergence of the field of nanotechnology is the invention of modern microscopes including the electron microscopes that have very high magnification and resolution in the nanometer length scales. In TEM, high energy electron beam passes through a very thin sample and constructs a two dimensional image of the sample. High resolution TEM can achieve atomic resolution. TEM also can be coupled with EDAX for elemental identification. Crystalllographic information of samples can also be obtained using selective area electron diffraction in TEM. EDS can be used to study chemistry of the materials and to do elemental mapping.

nmr1

Make:Jeol India

Model: JNM ECX -500

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer – 500 MHz

Information about the structure, conformation and dynamics of small and large molecules can be obtained in the solution and solid state using NMR Spectrometer. Apart from common nuclei’s like ­­1H and 13C, we can also record NMR spectra for other active nuclei’s such as 19 F, 11B, 15N, 2D, 127I, 207Pb, 7Li, 6Li, 199Hg, 103Rh, 31P, 111Cd etc. Due to recent advances in spectroscopic techniques two dimensional NMR spectroscopy has become powerful tool to derive unique structural information of small and large molecules, some of the most useful techniques include 1H-1H COSY (Correlation Spectroscopy), Double quantum filtered 13C-1H COSY, Carbon detected 13C-1H COSY, Proton detected 1H-13C COSY: HMQC (Heteronuclear Multiple Quantum Correlation), Proton detected, Long Range 1H-13C Heteronuclear correlation: HMBC (Heteronuclear Multiple Bond Coherence), DQF (Double Quantum Filtered)-COSY, 1-D TOCSY (Totally Correlated Spectroscopy), 2-D TOCSY, HMQC- TOCSY, ROESY.

cm1

Make:Nikon Corporation

Model: DTGTTAL SrGHT (DS-Qi1MC)

Confocal Microscopy

The wave nature of light and the associated diffraction not only undermine resolution of common light microscope but also impose difficulty of miniaturizing photonic devices such as fiber optic cable and couplers. In order for light based circuitry to be competitive with current electronic circuits and to overcome the speed limitations of electronics, this size compatibility is a central challenge. Some of these tasks could be carried out by molecular devices such as photonic wires, and molecular switches involving organic fluorophores, inorganic quantum dots, nanoparticles, nanocomposites. Further, the advancement of DNA nanotechnology, in recent years, combined with nanomaterial offers a great opportunity to improve the nanotechnology research, biomedical application and in living cells.

Single Crystal X-ray Diffractometer(1)

Make:Agilent Technologies

Model: SuperNova E(Dual)Diffactometer System

Single Crystal X-Ray Diffractometer

 

HR-Mass Spectrometer(1)

Make:M/s Bruker Daltonik GmbH

Model: Impact HD

HR Mass Spectrometer

 

Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM)(1)

Make:JFEI company Of USA(S.E.A.) PTE LTD

Model: Nova Nano SEM-450

Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy